The rising number of birth defects is associated with negligence and ignorance on matters associated with the birth process. Statistically, babies born to first-time mothers have been reported to be the highest victims of such defects. However, most of these defects can be prevented if the mothers understand the underlying factors that increase the risk of the defects. Here are some tips on birth defect prevention that will help mothers deliver healthy babies safely.
Ensure you take prenatal vitamins
Prenatal vitamins are essential for the development of the spinal and neural chords of the baby. It is also good for the baby’s brain development. It is advisable to take the prenatal vitamins even before conceiving so as to guarantee healthy development of the baby’s neurosensory system. It is also advisable to take nutrients such as iron, calcium and folic acid which are also good for both the mother and the baby. One can get the prenatal vitamins over the counter upon request or with a prescription from the doctor. One can take the drugs with a light snack if they feel nauseated.
Do Kegels regularly
Kegels are specialized exercises that are meant to strengthen the uterus and pelvic muscles. These exercises have been proven to prepare the body for delivery. This can help reduce the labor period and ease the delivery processes. There have been many cases where long delivery periods have led to stillbirths. This is sometimes related to the short supply of oxygen or the baby being fatigued. Kegel exercises have been advocated as the best prevention measure for this. Kegel is done by squeezing your pelvic muscles as though you are holding your urine and then relaxing repeatedly at intervals of three seconds.
Monitor your weight throughout the pregnancy period
Weight gain is very important for both the mother and the child. A woman is expected to put on weight during pregnancy. However, when the weight is over twenty-five pounds, it may cause obesity and bring complications that may be harmful to the child during delivery. On the other hand, if the weight gain is below fifteen pounds, the baby is likely to be underweight.
Get a birth plan
It is important to do a proper plan on your clinic appointments, expected dates of delivery and what to avoid. This will guide you through the pregnancy period and help you understand when you are out of course. A good plan is one which is detailed and includes your preferred medical facility, doctor, and the best delivery procedure. A personal doctor can help you draft this plan so that it can have a professional opinion to it.it should be detailed with all the dos and don’ts to be followed during the entire period.
The nine months of pregnancy are crucial for both the mother and the baby. Every step taken during this time has a direct effect on the baby and therefore should be done with extra caution. This is the only way we can be able to minimize infant mortality. Babies are a precious and therefore we must do everything within our capacity to protect their lives.